Many tourists come to Georgia, overcoming thousands of kilometers with the desire to see a country with ancient history, culture and traditions.
Georgia can boast not only this. There is surprisingly beautiful, diverse nature, climate and relief.
1. The highest peak in Georgia
The mountain peak of Shkhara, located in the central part of the Main Caucasian Range, is the highest point of Georgia. Geographers and climbers call it the "Alps of Svaneti". The mountain is covered with glaciers and snow. According to the latest data, the height of the main peak of Shkhara is one meter.
The mountain is located in Svaneti. The name "schara" is also Svan and means "white stripe". At the foot of the southern slopes of Shkhara, at an altitude of 2200 meters above sea level, is the village of Ushguli, Mestia district of Svaneti, which is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Shhara is not only the main peak of Georgia, it is also the third highest mountain in Russia. This is explained by the fact that the mountain is located on the border of both states and consists of several peaks. The first successful ascent to the mountain was held by Anglo-Swedish mountaineers in 1888. To climb to the top, June, July, August, September are best suited. To conquer such a peak as Shkhara, a serious approach is required. On all routes complex areas are encountered, so for successful ascent of the mountain you need special equipment and experience.
2. The lowest place in Georgia
The lowest point in Georgia is in the Samegrelo - Zemo Svaneti region. It is a swamp located between the port city of Poti and the village of Kulevi near Lake Paliastomi. Marshes are below sea level by 1.5 - 2.3 meters.
3. The wettest place
Mount Mtirala is situated at an altitude of 1761 meters above sea level in Western Georgia between Chakvi and Kobuleti. Mtirala is translated as "crying," and it's not surprising - because all year round the mountain is in a fog and here it almost always rains. The microclimate of the mountain is considered the wettest not only in Georgia, but also in Europe. Here falls 4.5 thousand millimeters of precipitation a year. And all because of the fact that Mtirala is located between the Black Sea and Adjara mountains. Wet air from the sea intercept the mountains and determine the very humid climate of Adjara. Mount Mtirala hosts the National Park, which is considered the most beautiful place in the region. Here you can see incredibly beautiful waterfalls and Georgian nature.
4. The Dryest Place in Georgia
The pole of dryness of Georgia is located in the eastern part of the country and is called the lowland of Eldar. Here the minimum amount of precipitation falls - 250-300 millimeters per year. The lowland of Eldar in Georgia is the only place where there is a semi-desert landscape. This is the most arid land in the country. In the lowland of Eldar, a sharply negative moisture balance, which equals 0-2% - 0-3%.
5. The largest lake in Georgia
Paravani is the largest lake in Georgia. It is located in the Samtskhe-Javakheti region at an altitude of 2,073 meters above sea level. The volume of Lake Paravani is 91 million cubic meters. Area - 37.5 square meters. Meters, and the maximum depth of the reservoir is 3.3 meters. Lake Paravani is considered mysterious. The fact is that on the very bottom of the lake there is a strange construction. As a result of research at the bottom of the lake, archaeologists discovered the burial mound of the Bronze Age. From the bottom, various antique objects that date back to the 4th century BC were lifted to the surface. Under the muddy water of Paravani, scientists expect to find many more interesting things. After all, the finds say that in the distant past, people of rather high culture lived here.
6. The largest reservoir of Georgia
The reservoir Tsalka is the largest reservoir in the territory of Georgia. It was created artificially for energy purposes, thanks to the waters of the fleeting Khrami River in the middle of the 20th century. The reservoir is located at an altitude of more than 1500 meters above sea level. Its length is 12 meters, width - 4 meters, and the maximum point of depth reaches 26 meters. During the operation of the reservoir several apartment houses and a church that was supposedly built in the 11th century were flooded. In the winter, the reservoir freezes and the water level drops. At this time, a church appears. Today, only three walls of the basilica are preserved, and they are in a rather deplorable state.
7. The longest river in Georgia
The mountain river Alazani is the longest river in Georgia. It feeds on groundwater, rain and snow. The length of the river is 390 kilometers, the basin area is more than 11.8 thousand square kilometers. Alazani flows in Eastern Georgia and Azerbaijan and partially forms the borders of the two countries. The river starts from the Southern slopes of the Greater Caucasus and flows into the Mingechaur reservoir, located in Azerbaijan. Before the Mingechaur reservoir was built, the Alazani River flowed directly into the Kura (Mtkvari in Georgian).
8. The shortest river in Georgia
Reprua is the shortest river in Georgia, it is located on the territory of the municipality of Gagra, in the beach zone. Its length is only 18 meters and connects to the Black Sea. Repura is